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Citing Sources & Style Manuals

APA Examples

Basic Form (7th ed.)

Last, A.A. (Year). Title of work. Publisher. DOI or URL
 

Example

Bartsch, R. (2018). International aviation law (2nd ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203712986


Basic Form (6th ed.)

Last, A.A. (Year). Title of work. Location of publisher: Publisher.
 

Example

Bartsch, R. (2018). International aviation law (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

Basic Form (7th ed.)

Last, A.A., & Last, B.B. (Year). Title of article: Capitalize after colon. Title of Periodical, Volume number(issue number), page-range. DOI or URL
 

Example

Zhou, W., Yang, L., Cai, Y., & Ying, T. (2018). Dynamic programming for new energy vehicles based on their work modes part I: Electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles. Journal of Power Sources, 406, 151-166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.10.047


Basic Form (6th ed.)

Last, A.A., & Last, B.B. (Year). Title of article: Capitalize after colon.  Title of Periodical, Volume number(Issue number), page-range. Retrieved from URL OR doi
 

Example

Zhou, W., Yang, L., Cai, Y., & Ying, T. (2018). Dynamic programming for new energy vehicles based on their work modes part I: Electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles. Journal of Power Sources, 406, 151-166. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.10.047

Basic Form (7th ed.)

Last, A.A., & Last, B.B. (Year, Month). Title of work. Site Name. Retrieved from URL
 

Example

Tabor, A. (2017, December 6). Designing future human space exploration on Hawaii's lava fields. NASA. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/ames/designing-future-human-space-exploration-on-hawaii-s-lava-fields


Basic Form (6th ed.)

Last, A.A., & Last, B.B. (Year, Month). Title of article. Retrieved from URL
 

Example

Tabor, A. (2017, December 6). Designing future human space exploration on Hawaii's lava fields. Retrieved from https://www.nasa.gov/feature/ames/designing-future-human-space-exploration-on-hawaii-s-lava-fields

Basic Form

Named Regulation

Name, Title number Source § xxx (Year)

Unnamed Regulation

Title number Source § xxx (Year) OR (Title number Source § xxx, Year)

Example

Named Regulation

Operating Requirements: Domestic, Flag, and Supplemental Operations, 14 §121.1 (2007)

Unnamed Regulation

14 C.F.R. §91.167 (2000)

Basic Form (7th ed.)

Author, A.A. (Year). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Publisher. DOI or URL
 

Example

Stierhoff, K.L., Zwolinksi, J.P., & Demer, D.A. (2019). Distribution, biomass, and demography of coastal pelagic fishes in california current ecosystems during summer 2018 based on acoustic-trawl sampling (Report No. NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-613). Natioal Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. https://swfsc.noaa.gov/publications/TM/SWFSC/NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-613.pdf


Basic Form (6th ed.)

Author, A.A.(Year). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher
 

Example

Stierhoff, K.L., Zwolinksi, J.P., & Demer, D.A. (2019). Distribution, biomass, and demography of coastal pelagic fishes in california current ecosystems during summer 2018 based on acoustic-trawl sampling (Report No. NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-613). La Jolla, CA: Natioal Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Basic Form (7th ed.)

Name of Group or Author, A.A. (Year). Title of data set [Description of form]. Publisher Name. DOI or URL
 

Example

United States Bureau of Transportation Statistics. (2017). Air passenger travel departures from the United States to selected foreign countries [Data set]. United States Department of Transportation. https://www.bts.gov/content/air-passenger-travel-departures-united-states-selected-foreign-countries-thousands


Basic Form (6th ed.)

Rightsholder or Author, A.A. (Year). Title of set [Description of form]. Retrieved from URL
 

Example

United States Bureau of Transportation Statistics. (2017). Air passenger travel departures from the United States to selected foreign countries [Data file]. Retrieved from https://www.bts.gov/content/air-passenger-travel-departures-united-states-selected-foreign-countries-thousand